These are the building blocks of the body, essential for growth, repair, and maintenance of tissues. They are crucial for the formation of muscles, enzymes, hormones, and other body chemicals.
They are the primary source of energy for the body. Carbs provide fuel for the brain, muscles, and other organs. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes are good sources of complex carbohydrates.
Healthy fats are essential for cell growth, protecting organs, insulating the body, and absorbing certain vitamins. They also provide a source of long-term energy. Sources include avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil.
These are crucial for various bodily functions and overall health. For instance, Vitamin C boosts the immune system, while Vitamin D supports bone health. Vitamins can be obtained from fruits, vegetables, dairy, and fortified foods.
Essential minerals like calcium, potassium, magnesium, and iron are necessary for maintaining bone health, fluid balance, nerve transmission, and carrying oxygen in the blood.
Often overlooked, water is vital for almost all bodily functions. It helps regulate body temperature, transports nutrients, removes waste, and lubricates joints. Staying adequately hydrated is crucial for overall health.
It aids in digestion and helps prevent constipation. Fiber-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds support a healthy digestive system and can reduce the risk of certain diseases.
These compounds help protect the body from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals. They are found in many plant-based foods such as berries, leafy greens, and certain nuts.